Methods which are applied by doctors during the operation and after the operation in order to prevent the patient feel of pain is called anesthesia. There are some side effects either the medicines used for preventing the pains or the operation of the human body. These effects sometimes significantly damage the systems and organs running which are vital for providing the human survival. While Anesthesia specialist provides to remove the pains by preventing to occur vital problems with control the side effects which could occur either during the operation or postoperative processes and tries to reduce the pains after the operation within the sufferable limits. Anesthesia specialists trained about drugs, physiology, many internal diseases, surgical trauma, and surgical stress, recovery of emergent patient, intense care and pain issues. These specialists have another duty such as completing the operation and anesthesia without affecting the diseases which could be associate with operation. For these reasons patients should apply anesthesia policlinic in order to be examined by doctor.
Most important matter of anesthesia is how to achieve a reliable anesthesia application. Many important achievements have been provided in this subject and reliable anesthesia application was succeeded. First condition of reliable anesthesia is to make a special plan for each patient. Firstly patient general condition should be observed by the doctor in order to make this plan. Anesthesia policlinics have been established for that reason. Patient who has been decided for operation should be examined for this control if possible before hospitalizing or during the hospitalization. Especially the vital functions of patients are examined by the anesthesia doctor during examination, patient is questioned about medical past, some laboratory observations are requested if necessary, consultations considering the complaints and previous diseases regarding respiratory facts, hearth disorders etc. medicine branches are performed, drugs which patient use are determined so the medicinal condition of patient is revealed. After this process anesthesia experts negotiate with the doctor who will operate patient. Confirms the anesthesia method by determining features about the operation and make the plan for all the phases of operation. Risk belonging to operation and anesthesia has been determined generally in this phase.
All anesthesia and surgery attempts include small risks. These risks vary according to the surgery type, patient health condition, anesthesia and technical equipment of operating room. These risks are as low as the patient is healthy and surgical application effect vital organs fewer. National and international organizations developed some rules in order to minimize the operation risk and increase the comfort of operation.
Our body has a great communication network consisting millions of neural cells and networks related with our brain and spine. By this network, painful exhorters are transmitted to brain, pain is felt. Preventing this transmission which carries pain by various ways is the subject of anesthesia. There are three types of anesthesia according to level of preventing the transmission. These are called local, regional and general anesthesia. By giving the drugs to the close environment of pain in order to prevent transmission is called local anesthesia. Larger areas of body for example, bawdiness or a half could be controlled in spinal level by anesthesia. Drug is given to spine or the large linkage point before reaching the spine for this reason. Regional anesthesia is called that. Patient is awake on these two types of anesthesia. But some tranquilizer drugs could be given in order to relax the patient. If the pain feeling was prevented in the level of brain it is called general anesthesia. Awake of patient doesn’t mean that anesthesia is more reliable or operation includes fewer risks. Anesthesia expert generally decides by taking the opinion of patient.